Assumptions about learning

Innovative education approaches

Competencies for ESD teachers

This is a key text for the Prof E Sus project outlining the competencies needed by Education for Sustainable Development teachers and first developed by UNECE.

Published 2008

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150 teaching methods

It’s just a list but there are 150 methods here!

A pedagogy for sustainability education

By Rick Medrick


Sustainability Education is intended to provide learning, training, and practical experience, in both formal and non-formal settings, that fosters personal development, community involvement, and action for change in our human and natural worlds. Grounded in our experience of the world, Sustainability Education must mirror both the patterns present in our natural environment and the conditions present in our human society with the intention of preparing us for uncertain and rapidly transforming world conditions. Nature is the source of our identity as living beings and society the medium for expressing this. The conditions and needs for our survivability as a species and society will change depending on circumstances and through events that may be outside our control. Our success will depend upon our ability to respond in ways that value personal initiative, responsibility, creativity, commitment, and collaboration with others.

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How to be a more effective agent of change. In the video you see the Sustainability Compass and Pyramid in action. The website gives you access to the resources to carry out the same exercises.
Action for Climate Empowerment

This framework is based on Results-based Management (RBM) to strengthen transparency and accountability, as well as help track outcomes systematically according to objectives.
This guidance emphasizes that in the process of National ACE Strategy development, special attention must be given to stakeholder participation. A central component of all phases, it must be equitable and broad-based, ensuring marginalized groups are given a voice.
The guidelines also provide an overview of ACE funding sources, and an explanation of ‘climate readiness’ for countries to more easily access financing for ACE activities. Finally, guidance is provided on monitoring, evaluation and reporting, emphasizing the importance of linking to the SDGs and GAP on ESD.

Free PDF published by UNESCO in 2016

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Active learning

Active Learning: 101 Strategies To Teach Any Subject.
Silberman, Mel
This book contains specific, practical strategies that can be used for almost any subject matters to promote active learning. It brings together in one source a comprehensive collection of instructional strategies, with ways to get students to be active from the beginning through activities that build teamwork and get students thinking about the subject matter. There are techniques for full-class and small-group instruction, and methods for reviewing and assessing what students have learned. Although most of the strategies will apply to any age level, the book is directed at those who teach older children and adults, especially teachers in middle school, high school, college, and adult education centers. The 101 strategies are grouped into the following areas: (1) “Introducing Active Learning”; (2) “How To Get Students Active from the Start”; (3) “How To Help Students Acquire Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes…Actively”; and (4) “How To Make Learning Unforgettable.” (SLD)

Active learning methodology

The Images and Objects Toolkit is for facilitators and teachers interested in education for sustainable development. The booklet includes step-by-step instructions for planning and implementing Education for Sustainable Development activities by using images and objects, together with a starter kit of sample images.

This is a key publication for the Prof E Sus project.

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An ecology of mind

W. Bloom Jeffrey , (2013) “An ecology of mind: teaching – learning complex systems”, Kybernetes, Vol. 42 Iss: 9/10, pp.1346 – 1353

– The purpose of this paper is to show how to enact a Batesonian system to teaching an ecology of mind course.

– The approach develops a practical framework for teaching with examples of teaching approaches and student work.

– The overarching approach involves a depth-abstraction-abduction model. This model was used to engage students in examining a variety of transdisciplinary phenomena with emphasis on contexts, meaning, multiple perspectives, stories, relationships and systems, patterns, and epistemology. Epistemological shocks and shifts were a common occurrence.


The website of the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development is a great source of inspiration for innovative pedagogical ideas.
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Assumptions about learning

The following are only a few assumptions about learning that tend to be recognized throughout education literature as fundamental to the planning of an education program. These assumptions came from the general field of educational philosophy.

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